Skating And Muscles Used

What Muscles Does Skating Work?

Inline skating works a variety of muscles throughout the body. Its a locomotive sport, so the leg and lower muscle groups are worked much harder than others.

The primary muscle groups used are the hips, buttocks, upper and lower legs (gluteals, quadraceps, hamstrings, hips, calf).

Secondary muscles groups are the upper and lower abs, shoulders and biceps and to a lesser degree, muscles of the trunk to aid respiration (trapezius, deltoids, abdominals, anterior serratus, latisimus dorsi, biceps, triceps).

Inline skating works the whole body and burns around 500 calories an hour, dependent on intensity of the workout. High intensity works muscles with greater force.




Primary Muscle Groups

Gluteals

gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
gluteus minimus

Location

The buttocks / lower torso

Action

Hip extension and abduction
Extension - move your thigh backward to move forward
Abduction - move thigh to the side to push off

Quadriceps

rectus femoris
vastus medialis
vastus lateralis
vastus intermedius

Location

Front of thigh from pelvis to knee

Action

Hip flexion and knee extension
Hip flexion - move thigh forward and also closer to the stomach
Knee extension - straighten knee / lower leg to push off

Hamstrings

biceps femoris,
semimembranosus
semitendinosus

Location

Back of thigh below the glutes from pelvis to knee

Action

Knee flexion - bends knee to lift foot, stride forward, move heel toward buttocks

Hip Flexors

iliopsoas - consists of two muscles
- iliacus
- psoas major

Location

Lower spine / base of stomach through pelvis to top of thighs

Action

Hip flexion - lift thigh by contraction and relaxing

Hip Adductors

adductor brevis,
adductor magnus
adductor longus
pectineus gracilis

Location

Pelvis to inner thigh and knee

Action

Thigh adduction move toward or under body
Flexion with hamstring to extend thigh

Calf

gastrocnemius
solus

Location

Rear lower limb, both descending from knee and connect to Achilles tendon

Action

gastrocnemius - flexes foot at ankle joint and acts as knee flexor
solus - flexes foot at the ankle joint

Push off and adjust body posture to maintain balance


Secondary Muscle Groups

Abdominals

rectus abdominis
external obliques.

Location

rectus abdominis - lower chest down to pelvis
obliques - along ribs at diagonal angle

Action

Aids balance and spine stabilization
Assists light and intense respiration

Shoulders

Trapezius
Deltoid

Location

Trapezius - spine to shoulder
Deltoids - corner top of shoulder

Action

Trapezius - aids arm rotation and breathing
Deltoids - arm flexion, extension and rotation

Trunk 

anterior serratus
latisimus dorsi

Location

serratus anterior - front side of rib cage
Latissimus dorsi - spine above buttocks

Action

Serratus anterior - aids arm rotation, elevation and assists respiration
Latissimus dorsi - shoulder extension, adduction, abduction, flexion

Arms

Bicep
Tricep

Location

Bicep - front elbow to shoulder
Triceps - rear elbow to shoulder

Action

Biceps - elbow flexion
Triceps - elbow extension